车仁·晋美松赞旺布

 

车仁·晋美松赞旺布出生于1908年,是锡金王室的后代。1932年前在印度大吉岭的圣保罗学校(St Paul’s)和葛纳瑞学校(Gunnery)接受西方英文教育。1932年初,从印度留学回到西藏车仁家在江孜的庄园。1932年下半年,应噶厦政府电报邀请到西藏军队中任翻译和英国军事督导一起从事翻译工作并教导藏兵正确使用英式武器,在此期间也与藏军士兵一同受训,一年后,任藏军教官。1933年初在拉萨罗布林卡为十三世达赖喇嘛表演藏军训练成果。1933年,四面怙主节期间正式被任命为噶厦政府官员。1936年,任噶厦政府文艺活动执行官。1938-1939,作为噶厦政府官员接待德国赴西藏摄制组并与之切磋摄影技艺。1954年7月15日,由中央驻藏代表张经武陪同,以随从和摄影官的身份随十四世达赖喇嘛赴京出席第一次全国人民代表大会,并随达赖在全国部分城市参观,到了天津、上海、杭州、沈阳、鞍山、哈尔滨等地。1955年6月23日,随达赖回到拉萨。1956年,作为翻译和摄影师随达赖喇嘛到印度参加释迦牟尼涅槃两千五百年宗教活动,拍摄了宗教活动的全过程。1959年,西藏叛乱后,流亡印度。1934年至1959年,在西藏拍摄了大量的噶厦政府各类活动的图片,还拍摄了西藏贵族人像、西藏宗教寺院、西藏军队训练、西藏军队表演、西藏民间体育、西藏民居、西藏寺院建筑、西藏民族服饰、西藏婚礼民俗、达赖喇嘛和班禅大师的宗教活动等众多题材。由于他是噶厦政府唯一指定的官方摄影官,这一时期的达赖喇嘛的宗教活动和噶厦政府的大型活动只有车仁·晋美松赞旺布才能拍摄,所以凡是涉及这类题材的摄影作品绝大部分都出自车仁·晋美松赞旺布之手。1991年,83岁的车仁·晋美松赞旺布在印度拉遮普市(Rajpur)的居所内平静地离开了人世。




黄建鹏画廊收藏了自1860年代到2010年代多位西藏摄影史中重要摄影家的原作,是中国收藏和研究西藏影像最为专业的机构之一。

 

Taring Jigme Songzain Wangpo

 

Taring Jigme Songzain Wangpo was born in 1908 as a posterity of Sikkim royal family. Before 1932, he went to St Paul’s School and Gunnery School in India to receive western English education. And in early 1932,he went back from India to Taring family’s manor in Gyantse, Tibet. In the second half of 1932, he was invited by Kashag Government to serve as a translator in Tibetan Army. During that period of time, he did the translation work with the Britain Military Supervisor together, and taught Tibetan soldiers how to use British weapon, he was also trained with the Tibetan soldiers together. A year later, he was named the instructor of Tibetan Army. In 1933, he performed the training results of Tibetan Army for the 13th Dalai Lama in Norbulingka, Lhasa. During the Manjushri Festival in 1933, he was appointed officially as an officer of the Kashag Government. In 1936, he was named the Art Activities Executor of the Kashag Government. During 1938-1939, as an officer of the Kashag Government, he accommodated the photography group from Germany to Tibet and they learned photography skills from each other. On Jul.15,1954, as a retinue and photography officer, and accompanied by Zhang Jingwu, the Central Representative in Tibet, he went to Beijing with the 14th Dalai Lama to attend the First National People’s Congress, and they visited a number of cities in China including Tianjin, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Shenyang, Anshan, Harbin and so on. On Jun.23,1955, he went back to Lhasa with Dalai. In 1956,he went to India to attend the Buddha Nirvana two thousand and five hundred years religious activities with Dalai as a translator and photography officer and recorded the whole process of the activity. In 1959, after Tibet rebellion, he exiled to India. During 1934 to 1959, he took a large number of photographs of Kashag Government activities, as well as the Tibetan aristocrat portrait, Tibetan religious temples, Tibetan Army Training, Tibetan Army performance, Tibetan folk sports, Tibetan residential, Tibetan temple architecture, Tibetan ethnic costume, Tibetan wedding custom, Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama’s religious activities. As he was the only photography officer of the Kashag Government, the photographs involving activities of Dalai Lama and the Kashag Government were mostly taken by Taring Jigme Songzain Wangpo. In 1991,83-year-old Taring Jigme Songzain Wangpo passed away in his house in Rajpur,India.




Huang Jianpeng Gallery collected lots of original works of the important photographers in Tibet photography history. It is one of the most professional institutions that collect and study Tibet images. 

 


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