陈万里(1892-1969)

 

陈万里(1892-1969)又名冥鸿,夷初。江苏吴县人。是我国摄影艺术的拓荒者之一。他1917年毕业于北京医科大学,后任北京大学校医,并在历史语言研究所任职,曾任故宫博物院研究员。1919年开始钻研摄影,从1919年至1921年北京大学连续三年,举办了三次摄影作品展览,他是主要组织者之一。1920年代前后,陈万里用宽幅摄影在杭州拍摄了《西湖边之白提风景》,《三潭印月之全景》,《钱塘大江之景》等作品,这些影像用原底片洗印成书签形式赠送给文人墨客,很受文人雅士的欢迎。1923年冬,陈万里和黄振玉、吴郁周、钱景华、汪孟舒等发起组织我国最早的摄影艺术团体——艺术写真研究会,后改称光社,被称为“光社四杰之一”。1924年夏,北京光社开第一次摄影展览会,他展出作品60余幅。后来从中选出12幅制成珂罗版,出版了我国第一本摄影艺术作品专集《大风集》。1924年,在民国革命的冲击下,封建王朝的末代皇帝溥仪被逐出故宫,陈万里在这一历史事件中摄下许多珍贵的镜头,辑成《民十三之故宫》一册,成为封建王朝彻底垮台的见证。1926年夏,应厦门大学聘请南下,在上海举办个人摄影作品展览,是我国摄影家举办个人摄影展最早的人。在上海时,他还参加了上海美术专科学校“天马会”举办的展览活动,并和摄影家郎静山等相识,共同酝酿组织摄影团体,终于在1928年初,与郎静山,胡伯翔,黄伯惠等组成“中华摄影学社”(简称华社)。在华社举办的历次影展中都有作品参加。
陈万里是个才华横溢,兴趣广泛,且各方面造诣甚深的人。他爱音乐,会戏剧表演,又能绘画创作。他精通昆曲,能用这种艺术形式进行演唱。 虽然《中国摄影史1840-1937》把他排在中国著名摄影家的第一位进行介绍,而陈万里最大的成就还不在摄影,他是享誉世界的陶瓷大家。陈万里是第一位走出书斋,用考古学和田野式调查方式,科学的对古窑址进行考察的学者。他一生著作甚多,其中摄影专辑有《大风集》、《民十三之故宫》、《西陲壁画集》、《越器图录》和《故宫图录》等;他的《云岗图录》摄影集,原稿毁于“一二八”炮火,未能出版。他还写了数种游记著作如《西行日记》、《闽南游记》、《湘川道上》等,都附有他的摄影作品,图文并茂,很有特色。
黄建鹏画廊收藏了他创作于上世纪20年代六幅杭州风景《钱塘大江之景》,《初阳台顶之风景》,《西湖边之白提风景》,《三潭印月之全景》,《孤山后之空谷传声风景》,《平湖秋月之风景》。这些用原底洗印于上世纪20年代早期原作背面均有陈氏墨笔题款及钤印。这些作品是研究陈万里早期创作的重要影像实物。

 

Chen Wanli (1892-1969)

 

Chen Wanli (1892-1969), born in Suzhou, Jiangsu, is one of the pioneers of China photography art. He graduated from Beijing Medical University in 1917, and then became a school doctor in Beijing University, and served in the institute of history and language. In 1919, Chen Wanli began to study photography, and was one of the main organizers of the three photography works exhibition held in Beijing University from 1919 to 1921. Before and after 1920s, Chen Wanli took some photos in Hangzhou with wide format photography, such as , , . In the winter of 1923, Chen Wanli, Huang Zhenyu, Wu yuzhou, Qian Jinghua, and Wang Mengshu started to organize the earliest photography art group of China-Art Photo Research Association, later renamed Guang-She, and Chen Wanli was called one of the four outstanding persons of Guang-She. In the summer of 1924, Beijing Guang-She held the first photography exhibition, and there are more than 60 works were taken by Chen Wanli. They chose 12 works to be made of collotype, and published the first photography art works album. In 1924, the last emperor of feudal dynasty Henry Pu Yi was expelled from the Imperial Palace under the impact of national revolution. Chen Wanli took many valuable scene about this historical events, and compiled into , which became the witness of the collapse of feudal dynasty. In the summer of 1926, invited by Xiamen University, he held the personal photography works exhibition in Shanghai, and he was also the earliest photographer who held personal photography exhibition in China. When he was in Shanghai, he also took part in the exhibition activity held by Shanghai Art College, and was acquainted with Chin San Long, preparing to organize photography team together. Finally in the beginning of 1928, Chen Wanli, Chin San Long, Hu Boxiang, Huang Bohui and others formed “China Photography Society ”(Hua-She for short) In all previous photography exhibitions held by Hua-She, His works were always shown.
Chen Wanli was talented, and had wide interests and deep attainments in all aspects. He loved music, dramatic performance and painting. He was skillful at Kunqu opera. Except these, he was also well known for the ceramics. He has many works, among which the photography albums included ,, and so on. His original pattern of was destroyed in the gunfire of “one two eight” event, and failed to publish. And he also wrote some travel notes.
Huang Jianpeng Gallery collected six works of Hangzhou Scenery created by Chen Wanli in 1920s, including , , ,, , . In the reverse of these early original works printed in 1920s using original negative, there are the signature and stamp. These works are important images for researching the earlier creation of Chen Wanli.

 
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