威廉·桑德斯

 

威廉·桑德斯,1821年8月27日出生于伦敦伍尔维奇,他是19世纪在中国拍摄照片的最出色的摄影师之一。桑德斯曾与他的父母在国外居住,并且他有三个比他年幼的妹妹。

1860年,桑德斯前往上海,W·桑德斯这个签名曾在1860年12月到1861年3月在帝国海军海关做海关监察员时被使用。

威廉·桑德斯1862年1月在上海开设了第一家摄影工作室,尽管他当时只是一个肖像摄影师,桑德斯仍然对中国产生了浓厚的兴趣,并拍摄了当时中国发生的重大事件以及当地的风土人情。

《日本每周邮报》1893年1月14日刊曾对桑德斯有过这样一段记述:“威廉·桑德斯,上海及中国北部唯一的摄影师,享有广泛的尊敬及极高的评价,于昨晚逝世,他在1860年搭乘里亚月亮号这艘老蒸汽船来到上海,之后他有返回英国学习摄影并且带来了当时被称之为黑魔法的湿版照片,之后的几年,他又第一次为北京拍摄了许多照片,后来在日本的天皇及武士时代,在日本旅行。今天我们在全世界到处都可以看到日本的风景照片,但是他是第一个架起相机去拍摄的。”

尽管桑德斯的许多关于中国日常生活的照片都是根据摄影拍摄情况摆拍出来的,但是这些影像也准确反映了19世纪中国的日常生活,并且促进了中国的传统文化在西方的传播。

威廉·桑德斯的早期摄影作品于1871年在《中国生活及人物素描集》中出版了50张,并且他也定期向西方出版物投稿,例如《远东》和《伦敦插画新闻》。他在中国及日本当地的港口拍摄,1862年8月,他在横滨住了将近3个月,许多他的摄影作品都反映了死刑执行的场景,并且在数十年后仍然被认作对这种事件的描述。

威廉·桑德斯的摄影作品在中国广为传播,其他的摄影师也会购买他的作品,他的照片通常为长方形并带有圆角,或者有椭圆形的取景框。

到1870年,威廉·桑德斯已经有大约50张肖像及各题材的场景照片,这些照片有的是单独的,有的则在相册中。在1891年6月18日,其中一套在伦敦佳士得南肯辛顿被整售出,这些照片大约10*8 英寸(25.5*20厘米)大小,并且一般被裁成了椭圆形,7张带有圆角并且都有标签标明编号,标题及解释的文字。

威廉·桑德斯早期拍摄的中国影像是中国摄影收藏界最为抢手的藏品,但由于相对其他摄影家的作品,桑德斯的作品存世量较大,在欧洲各国拍卖会中时常可以见到,其入选《中国摄影史1861-1879》中的作品是其代表作中的珍品。

 

William Thomas Saunders

 

William Saunders, one of the finest photographers to work in nineteenth-century China,was born in Woolwich,London on 27th August 1832,the son of a shipwright.He has three younger sisters.It is possible, therefore, that William and his parents live aboard for a time.

In 1860, William Saunders traveled to Shanghai.A ‘W.Saunders’ is listed as a Tidewaiter employed by Imperial Maritime Customs from December 1860 until his resignation in March 1861.

William Saunders opened one of Shanghai's first photography studios in January 1862. Although chiefly a portrait photographer, Saunders' fascination with China led him to photograph current events, local scenery and the local population.

The Japan Weekly Mail ,14th January,1893,had this comment on William Saunders“The only photographer in Shanghai and North China,who had broad respect and high evaluation, Saunders died last night.He had come to Shanghai in 1860 on the old paddle streamer “Lea Moon”.He went back to the U.K. to study photography and brought back a set of “wet-plate” photographs which were called “black magic” at the time.In a few years he had taken many pictures of Pekin for the first time.He traveled in Japan also,in its Emperor and Samurai period. Nowadays one can find,almost all over the world,many scenic photos of Japan.But he must be the first person to set the camera to it.”

Although many of Saunders' scenes of everyday Chinese life were posed due to limitations of photographic processes, they provide accurate reflections of life in nineteenth century China, and contributed to the spreading of knowledge of Chinese customs and traditions throughout the West.

A selection of William Saunders' photographs was published in an early series of 50 prints published in 1871 as a Portfolio of Sketches of Chinese Life and Character. Saunders also contributed regularly to Western publications such as the Far East and the Illustrated London News. He also photographed local ports in China and Japan, including Yokohama where he settled for three months in August 1862. Many of his prints, especially scenes of execution, were considered as being timeless and were used decades later to illustrate current events.

William Saunders' photographs were very popular throughout China where they were sold by other photographers. His photographs are characteristic in their rectangular shape with rounded corners and oval vignettes.

By about 1870, William Saunders had complied a number set of fifty portraits and genre scenes which he offered for sale either as single prints in albums.A complete set was sold by Chisties; South Kensington,London on 18th June 1981.Each image was approximately 10*8 inches(25.5*20cm) and half of them were trimmed to an oval shape.Seven had rounded corners and all had a printed paper label giving the series number,title and explanatory text.

The early photographs of China taken by William Saunders are being very hot among Chinese collectors.But compared to other photographers,William Saunders has more photographs exist currently,and these photographs are seen more often in auction stores all over Europe.His works recorded in History of Photography in China1861-1879  are the most precious ones.

 


  总访问量: