王小亭

王小亭(1900-1983),出生于美国的华裔知名电影摄影师。年轻时在美国学习电影摄影,能熟练运用电影摄影语言拍摄纪录片,同时使用相机拍摄新闻摄影。曾任英美公司新闻短片摄影师、万国新闻通讯社摄影记者、上海《申报》新闻摄影记者及美国赫斯特新闻记者,他是中国第一位有姓名可考的新闻摄影记者。其最知名的作品并不是他拍摄的电影纪录片,而是由电影摄影胶片中选出的一幅静止画面《中国娃娃》,这幅拍摄于1937年8月28日上海南站的著名摄影作品,曾在美国《生活》周刊和其它媒体上发表,当时的受众超过了一亿人,使美国众多民众认识到了日本军国主义的暴行。这幅影像促使美国政府和人民开始支持中国人民的抗日战争。1943年,宋美龄访美期间,有一位美国妈妈代表她的三个女儿寄了3美元和这幅照片,在信中,她对宋美龄讲,我的三个女儿每人出一美元希望帮助这位上海的受难的小朋友。

这幅影像是由电影摄影机中的胶片选择了一幅进行放大的,他并非是用静态的相机进行拍摄,王小亭用摄影机纪录了日本军队轰炸上海南站的暴行。当时,这位被炸的满身是血的儿童并不在此位,王小亭让其他人将这位孩童抱至铁轨处,用最后的十几秒胶片摆拍了这个画面。之后,日本政府看到此作在世界上的重大影响,开始通缉王小亭。日本右翼一直宣扬这幅作品是伪造的,其实这个孩童就是这次轰炸的直接受害者,只是作者将这个受害者挪动了位置。这并不能说明这是一幅假的影像,恰恰相反,这是一幅再真实不过的著名影像。

黄建鹏画廊收藏了王小亭的代表作《中国娃娃》,此幅藏品是1960年代洗印。
 

Wang Xiaoting


Wang Xiaoting(1900-1983) is a well-known movie photographer born in America. He learned movie photography in America when young, and could make documentaries expertly. At the same time, he also take news photography. He has ever been a newsreel photographer in an Anglo American PLC, a cameraman of Wanguo news agency, of Shanghai and America Hearst. He is the first  photojournalist with name known. His most famous work is not his movie documentary, but a still picture selected from cinematography films. This famous work was taken in Shanghai South Railway Station on 28th August, 1937, and had ever been published in American magazine and some other medias. This picture made the public of America know the atrocity of Japanese militarism, and the America government begin to support Chinese Anti-Japanese War. In 1943, during Soong May-ling’s visit in America, there was an American mother who represented her three daughters sending her three dollars and this picture. In the letter, she said to Soong May-ling that each of her three daughters gave one dallar to help this suffering child in Shanghai.

This image is selected from the films of cinecamera and enlarged. It is not taken by the camera for still. Wang Xiaoting records the atrocity of Japanese Army bombing Shanghai South Railway Station with his camera. At that time, the child was not in this position, and Wang Xiaoting let someone take him to the rail to pose this picture. Later Japanese government noticed the significant impact in the world, and began to want Wang Xiaoting. The Japanese right-wing force always declared that this work is bogus, but actually the child was the direct victim of the bombing, and the author just changed the location. It cannot say it’s a fake image, on the contrary, this is a real famous image. 


 
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